##

9.4.8 Ellipses

Ellipsis (omission mark) commands are
shown in Table 9.12. The `amsmath` package also
provides: `\dotsc`

for dots with commas, `\dotsb`

for dots
with binary operators/relations, `\dotsm`

for multiplication
dots, `\dotsi`

for dots with integrals and `\dotso`

for other
dots, which can be used as replacements for `\ldots`

and
`\cdots`

.

`\vdots` |
`\cdots` |
`\dotsb` ^{†} |
`\dotsi` ^{†} |
`\dotsm` ^{†} |
|||||||

`\ddots` |
`\ldots` |
`\dotsc` ^{†} |
`\dotso` ^{†} |

**Example (Low Ellipsis):**

This example uses the command
`\forall`

to produce
the “for all” symbol
, and it also uses
`\␣` (backslash space) to make a space before the for all symbol. The
`amsmath` “dots with commas” ellipsis `\dotsc`

is used rather
than the standard `\ldots`

:

**Example (Centred ellipsis):**

This example uses the `amsmath` “dots with binary operators/relations”
`\dotsb`

instead of the standard `\cdots`

:

Exercise 22: Maths: Fractions and SymbolsThis exercise uses a fraction, a square root, subscripts, superscripts and symbols. Try to reproduce the following output:

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