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6.1 Graphical Transformations

The graphicx package also provides commands to rotate, resize, reflect and scale text. They are as follows:

\rotatebox[<option list>]{<angle>}{<text>}

Rotates <text> by <angle> (degrees anti-clockwise by default). The optional argument <option list> is a comma-separated list of any of the following options:

Example:

base line
\rotatebox{45}{Some text}
\rotatebox[units=-360]{45}{Some text}
\rotatebox[units=-360,origin=rB]{45}{Some text}
\rotatebox[x=3em,y=3em]{45}{Some text}
base line

Image of typeset output: each occurrence of 'Some text' has been rotated

\scalebox{<h scale>}[<v scale>]{<text>}

Scales <text> by <h scale> in both directions if <v scale> omitted, otherwise scales <text> by <h scale> horizontally and <y scale> vertically.

Example:

\scalebox{0.8}{Some text}

Some text (scaled by a factor of 0.8)

Compare with:

\scalebox{0.8}[1.2]{Some text}

Some text (aspect ratio changed)

\reflectbox{<text>}

Reflects <text> (equivalent to \scalebox{-1}[1]{<text>}).

Example:

\reflectbox{Some text}

Some text (mirror image)

\resizebox{<h length>}{<v length>}{<text>}

Scales <text> so that it is <h length> wide and <v length> high. To preserve the aspect ratio, use ! instead of one of the dimensions.

Example:

\resizebox{12mm}{1cm}{Some text}
\resizebox{!}{1cm}{Some text}

Image of typeset output: two instances of 'Some text' scaled with and without changing the aspect ratio.


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